Abstract
A WILD EDIBLE FRUIT- FICUS PALMATA

Priyanka Bhandari*

ABSTRACT

Plants are used in various ailments since the ancient times. Ficus palmata is a huge tropical deciduous and evergreen tree belonging to the family moraceae. Ficus palmata is a herbaceous plant with more than 800 species. Root, bark, leaves and latex of Ficus palmata are used for the treatment of various diseases. Ficus palmata commonly known as bedu. Ficus palmata mucilage used as a dietary item to treat constipation, lungs diseases and bladder diseases. The phytochemical analysis of Ficus palmata shows the presence of alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids and cardiac glycosides. The aerial part of Ficus palmata shows the presence of transpsoralenoside, germanicol acetate, psoralene, bergapten, vanillic acid and rutin by using liquid-liquid fractionation and various chromatographic techniques. Ficus palmata plant is used in various ailments such as gastrointestinal disorder, tumour, ulcer, hypoglycaemia, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, hypercholesterolemia, fungal infection, lung diseases, bladder diseases and warts. Ficus produces a unique fruit which is an inverted flower in actual. Ficus palmata total plant extracts exhibit hepatoprotective, nephroprotective antiulcer activity. Ficus palmata mucilage can serve as a binding agent in formulation of sustain release matrix tablets and had to give better drug release effect even after long term storage. Ficus palmata mucilage showed its compatibility with diclofenac sodium and pharmaceutical excipients.

Keywords: Ficus palmata, antioxidant, polyphenols, flavonoids.


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