Abstract
THE PREVALENCE OF GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES IN CHILDREN OF SCHOOL AGE IN ORODO MBAITOLI L.G.A IN 1MO STATE, NIGERIA.

Nwosu,D.C.,Nwanjo,H.U.,Opara,A.U.,Ojiegbe,G.C., Obeagu,Emmanuel Ifeanyi, Onuoha,C., Ajero,C.M.U., Nwokike,G.I.,Okpara,K.E. and Ugwu Getrude Uzoma

ABSTRACT

A study on the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was conducted in three primary schools in Orodo, Mbaitoli L.G.A., Imo State from November 2007 to January 2008. Two hundred stool samples were collected from pupils aged 5-16 years into wide-mouthed specimen bottles and examined by direct wet smear .and the formol ether concentration method respectively. Six different gastrointestinal parasites were encountered. The respective infection rates of each parasite were: Hookworm (16%), Ascaris lumbricoides (12%), E. histolytica (10%), Trichuris trichuria (1.5%), E. coli (0.5%), and Strongyloides stercoraHs (0.5%). Cases of multiple infection showed that Ascaris lumbricoides occurred frequently in double infection with E. histolytica. In triple infection, only triad Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, and E. histolytica was found. The males were more infected (41.0) than the female (39.8). The infection was high among those who use pit latrine and bush defecation (60.5 and 27.2) when compared to those who use water cistern (12.4). The relationship between age and the infection rate showed that 8-10 groups had more infection rate although there was wide spread of the disease in the community. The findings from the study reveal that there is high prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of 60.5% and the likely possible ways of reducing these parasites were discussed.

Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasites, school age children, Ascaris lumbricoides.


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