Abstract
BIODIVERSITY OF MICROBES IN DAIRY INDUSTRY EFFLUENT

K. Amutha* and S. Krishnaveni

ABSTRACT

An investigation was carried out to assess the dairy industry effluent on microbial diversity viz. bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria. One year study revealed that 10 species of bacteria, 12 fungi and 23 species of cyanobacteria were observed from the effluent stream. Among bacteria, Pseudomonas with two species and others with single each were recorded. Aspergillus was dominant (4 species) among the fungi with followed by Penicillium with two. Altogether 23 species of cyanobacteria belonging to seven genera were collected from the effluent stream. Among the genera, Oscillatoria dominated the effluent with ten species followed by Phormidium with 4 Nostoc with 4, Anabaena with 2 and Aphanocapsa, Plectonema and Chlorogloea with single species each. High amounts of phosphates and nitrates with sufficient amount of oxidizable organic matter, limited dissolved oxygen content and slightly alkaline pH were probably the factors favouring the growth of microbes especially cyanobacteria.

Keywords: Dairy industry effluent, biodiversity, microbes, pollution.


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