Abstract
PREVALENCE OF UROPATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI & STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AMONG PATIENTS WITH CASES OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS ATTENDING BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, MAKURDI

Abbas Abel Anzaku*, Upla Peter1, Mfonido Ukpanah, Opedun Temitope O. A. and Odonye Dauda

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of few bacterial organisms associated with urinary tracts infection and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Total of Ninety (90) midstream urine samples were collected from outpatients with respect to their age group, gender and marital status attending health facility in Benue State University Teaching Hospital Makurdi. Each 0.1ml of urine sample was cultured on MacConkey agar and colonies showing lactose fermentation were subsequently subcultured on Eosin Methylene Blue Agar to obtain a pure culture of E. coli whereas S. aureus was isolated by inoculating 0.1 ml of urine sample on Cysteine Lactose Electron Deficient (CLED) agar and subsequently subcultured into Manitol Salt Agar to obtain pure culture. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired t-test was carried out using IBM SPSS STATISTICAL version 22. Based on the result obtained, 33(36.67%) prevalence of E. coli and S. aureus was observed. E. coli has the highest occurrence of 19(95.00)% while S. aureus has 14(70.00%). There was significant variation within the age group at ρ<0.05 with the highest 11.11% occurring in 27-32 years while the lowest was 4.44% in 33-38 and 39-44years respectively. On the gender basis, female had highest occurrence of 21.11% while male has the lowest of 15.56%. Variation in the positive samples on marital status showed significant difference with highest among married subjects 21.11% while the lowest occurred in single 15.56% at ρ<0.05. E. Coli was sensitive to Ofloxacin (15.00mm), Ciprofloxacin (12.00mm) and Prefloxacin (12.22mm). and resistant to amoxicilin and ampicilin while S. aureus was sensitive to amoxicilin (14.44), ofloxacion (12.22mm) and ciprofloxacin (12.22mm) but resistant to vancomycin and prefloxacin respectively. Based on this study, many isolates were resistant to the antimicrobial agents. This therefore recommended recommends antimicrobial sensitivity assay to know the most effective drugs before administration of any drug for UTIs.

Keywords: Prevalence, E. coli, S. aureus, Outpatients, Urinary Tract Infection.


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