*Dr. Mohammed Ismail Humaida, Abdulgadir Almubark Eltyeb and Dr. Ahmed Subahi Ahmed


Background: Insecticide-tolerant strains of the mosquito vector have been identified as key factors of resurgence of Malaria. Objective: This study aimed to examine the susceptibility of anopheles mosquitoes to agricultural pesticides (Malathion and Carbaryl). Methodology: Larvae of Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes were collected from El-Mogran area, Khartoum State, Sudan. The collection process was performed using an enamel bowl to collect larvae from the edge of body of water. Within two hours after collection, all sampled larvae were transported to medical entomology laboratory. In the laboratory, the mosquitoes were divided into control group and study groups; the control group were not exposed to any pesticides except water, and the study groups were exposed to different concentrations of Malathion and Carbaryl pesticides. Tests of larval susceptibility of mosquitoes were conducted folowed the recommendations of WHO materials and methods. The results recorded after 24h. Results: The study revealed that there is difference in mosquitoes mortality for the same dose, in the trials of Malathion, the higher concetration that achieved 100% kill is 2.5x10-5 %, (0.25 mg/L). While in the trials of Carbaryl, the higher concetration that achieved 100% kill is 4.25x10-4 % (4.25 mg/L). The study revealed that the lethal concentration LC50 for Malathion and Carbaryl is 3x 10-6 %, (0.03mg/L) and 1x10-5 %, (0.1 mg/L) respectively. Malathion more toxic to mosquitoes as compared with Carbaryl. Conclusion: Both Malathion and Carbaryl have toxic effect on mosquitoes. There should be co-ordination between ministry of health and ministry of agriculture to control of malaria vectors and agricultural pests together.

Keywords: Susceptibility, Mosquitoes, Malathion, Carbaryl.

[Full Text Article]


Forgot Password  |  Register


Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Tangudu Nagabhusana Rao

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation


    JANUARY 2019 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 January 2019

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJBPS Impact Factor has been increased from 4.382 to 4.918 due to high quality Publication at International Level.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.


UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS


Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction