Abstract
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF UNINTENTIONAL INJURIES AMONG UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN ELOBEID, SUDAN

*Dr. Mohammed Ismail Humaida, Dr. Ahmed Subahi Ahmed, Salma Fadul and Tasneem Adam

ABSTRACT

Background: Child injuries are a growing global public health problem. Hundreds of thousands of children die each year from injuries or violence, and millions of others suffer the consequences of non-fatal injuries. Objective: This study aimed to study the epidemiology of unintentional injuries (inside the home) among under-five children in El-Obied, Sudan. Methodology: This facility based cross-sectional study comprised of 202 under-five children. Data were collected via questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS software, version 11.5. Results: This study showed that the prevalence of injuries (inside the home) among under-five was 82%, the bruising and fractures is dominant (35%) type of injuries, fllowed by cuts (19.30%), burns (13.90%), poisoning (8.40%), and drowning (5.40%). 35% of unintentional injuries were due to fall, 19.30% due to broken glass. About 60.20% of mothers performing first aids to their children after injury. Disability occurred in 9.00% from injured children. Fire extinguisher not found in about 54% of houses, and 19.30% of floor is slippy. The present study showed that there was a significance correlation between injuries and the class of house (X2 = 202, df = 2, P<0.00001). Conclusion: The prevalence of unintentional injury found to be higher among the under-five children and housing safety standards was poor that may favour occurrence of home unintentional injuries.

Keywords: Unintentional Injuries, Under-Five, Elobeid, Sudan.


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