Abstract
RELATION BETWEEN ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) IN CHILDREN AND MATERNAL ANXIETY IN EGYPT

Mohammed Jamal*, Shewikar T. El Bakry, Mohammed Mostafa El-Hamady and Ehsan Mahmoud Fahmy

ABSTRACT

Background & aim: According to the previous studies, mood and anxiety disorders are common among mothers of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There is a viscous cycle between the effect of features of ADHD in children on the maternal anxiety state and the effect of anxiety on parenting skills of mother trying to control a child with ADHD. This study aimed to determine the relationship between maternal anxiety and ADHD in children in the Egyptian community as there is lack of data about this subject. Methods: This study was conducted on 60 mothers of ADHD children (aged 6-12 years), selected via convenience sampling from May 2017 till the end of August 2017. The subjects lived in Cairo government, with their children and were referred to Friends forever outpatient clinic. Structured clinical interview for the DSM-IV Axis I disorders SCID- I, Stat- Trait Anxiety inventory STAI, Hamilton Anxiety rating scale HAM-A and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder test ADHD T were completed by the subjects except HAM-A by the researcher. The collected data was revised, coded, tabulated and introduced to a PC using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 21. Data summarized using descriptive statistics, number and percentage for qualitative values and mean and standard deviation or median and interquartile range for quantitative variables. Parametric and non- parametric tests of significance will be used appropriately. P value equals or less than 0.05 will be considered significant. Results: Our data showed that 51.67% of mothers had severe anxiety state, 43.3% had severe anxiety trait and only 20% had moderate to severe anxiety measured by Hamilton anxiety rating scale. Also 26.6% of mothers are diagnosed with mood disorders and 23.3% are diagnosed with anxiety disorders. There are statistical significant correlations between the anxiety state and the ADHD subtype. Conclusion: The present study suggests that 100% of mothers showed anxiety state with different degrees. Mood and anxiety disorders are common among Egyptian mothers have a child with ADHD. There is a relation between the anxiety state of the mothers and the ADHD subtype in children.

Keywords: Attention Deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD, maternal Anxiety, mothers.


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