Abstract
AEROBIC DIGESTION OF VEGETABLE AND FRUIT WASTES FOR BIOFERTILIZER PRODUCTION AND ITS IMAPACT ON THE VEGETATIVE DEVELOPMENTAND FRUIT YIELD OF OKRA

S. Swadhini* and Dr. P. Gowsalya*

ABSTRACT

Vegetables play an important role in human diet. They are vital sources of essential minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber. Vegetable waste make an extraordinary measure of contamination which contain high part of natural matter that causes genuine ecological and wellbeing issues. Vegetable wastes are produced in large quantities in the markets across the world. The collection, transportation and disposal of these wastes is a big problem. To make use of this waste and to reduce the pollution they can be used to produce Biofertilizers. Biofertilizer is commonly referred as the fertilizer that contains living micro-organisms and it is expected that their activities will influence the soil ecosystem and produce supplementary substance for the plants. Organic biofertilizers are developed from the composted waste materials to supply essential nutrients to plants. The collected vegetables wastes were subjected to decomposition (1month) for producing solid biofertilizer. Since Biofertilizers are one of the best tool that is used in the agricultural field, it is applied as a replacement of conventional fertilizers. The extensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides caused number of deaths and illness. Hence the main objective of this study is to build a platform that Biofertilizers obtained from vegetable waste are better than the conventional fertilizers.

Keywords: Vegetables, Vegetable wastes, Organic biofertilizer, Conventional fertilizer.


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