Abstract
AWARENESS AND EFFECTS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE PREVALENCE LEVEL OF URINARY SCHISTOMIASIS AMONG SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN IN SOME PARTS OF IMO STATE, NIGERIA

*Nwachukwu I. O., Nwoke B. E. B., Ukaga C. N., Ajero, C. M. U. and Nwachukwu M. I.

ABSTRACT

A study to determine the awareness and effects of socio-economic factors on the prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis among 2250 pupils from 45 Schools in some parts of Imo State, Nigeria was carried out. A questionnaire was issued to obtain information on sex, age, community, local government area, knowledge of signs and symptoms of Schistosomiasis, awareness of Schistosomiasis and its mode of transmission, level of parental occupation and education and source of domestic water. Out of 2550 pupils examined, 830(36.9%) were aware of the disease with Ikeduru and Nwangele Local Government Areas having highest level of awareness of 73.6% and 75.2%, respectively, while 1420(63.1%) were not aware of the infection with Okigwe Local Government recording highest level of 202(80.8%). Across the ages, there was significantly lesser percentage of children aware of the disease with 10-12years age group recording highest level of 44.3%. Result also revealed that there was significant difference in the awareness of Urinary Schistosomiasis among the sexes with males and females recording 46.2% and 27.9% levels, respectively. Furthermore, all age groups gave non incorrect response on the possible source of infection and significantly less percentage of pupils correctly identified infected water as the source of infection. Result further revealed that significantly greater percentage of males (17.6%) correctly identified the possible source of infection than females (11.5%). From the result also, while there was a progressive decrease in the percentage of children infected with advancement of the parent’s education prevalence of infection was dependent on parents’ occupations. Highest infection was among children of farmers and less among those of Civil Servants. Prevalence of the disease among the children is dependent on the source of water since those that principally use river/stream/lake were more infected with 69.7%. Since knowledge of Socio-cultural factors is an important guide to control interventions, public enlightenment to educate the populace on the aetiology of the disease, provision of health facilities, provision of pipe borne water and improved sanitary habits should be extended to the study area and neglected foci.

Keywords: Awareness, Effects, Socio-economic factors, Urinary Schistosomiasis.


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