Abstract
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AND SOME RISK FACTORS AMONG ALREADY DIAGNOSED TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS UNDER RNTCP PROGRAMME IN RURAL AREA OF WEST GODAVARI DISTRICT.

Kanisetti Sidharth, Dr. K. Chandra Sekhar* and Dr. B. Devi Madhavi

ABSTRACT

Background: Tuberculosis remains a worldwide public health problem despite the availability of effective drugs and vaccination. India accounts for 1/4th of Worlds Incident TB cases in 2013. India bears approximately 30% of the world’s burden of TB, with an estimated incidence of 85 per 100,000 new smear positive cases. Objectives: 1. To know the proportion of patients and its demographic variables association in relation to Tuberculosis patients registered under RNTCP 2. To identify some life style habits among the tuberculosis patients registered under RNTCP. 3. To find the DOTS categories in the study population. Materials & Methods: This was a community based cross sectional study carried out in the rural field practice area of Alluri Sitarama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Eluru, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh during the period from July 2016 to August 2016. People diagnosed as cases of tuberculosis as per the RNTCP guidelines and currently receiving DOTS therapy in RHTC area of medical college. In Rural practice area TB registry about 40 cases were registered and also information taken from DOTS directory from District Tuberculosis Unit, Eluru. Of which 27 cases were selected through simple random method. Data was entered in MS office Excel 2007 Sheet. Data was represented in the form of tables and figures and necessary statistical tests like chi square tests were applied. Results: Out of 27 registered Tuberculosis (TB) patients, 18 (66.7%) were females and 9 (33.3%) were males. Maximum number of Tb patients in the age group of 30-50 yrs age group. There was no statistically significant association was found between age and sex of the TB patients (P>0.05). In the study population, 85% were nuclear families maintained family size less than or equalo 4 and 15% were having joint families family size > 4. Out of 27 study subjects, 37% of Tb people were having smoking habit and 41% of the TB patients were having alcohol consumption habit. In the study population, 52% were started on Category I and 48% were receiving Category II treatment. Conclusions: Based on the study results, smoking and alcohol habits people were more detected among Tuberculosis patients. More number of category II patients were also identified in the study population. The limitation of the study is it was conducted in a small sample of 27 subjects. Further In depth analysis through a qualitative approach may help to identify other reasons for increasing category II patients.

Keywords: Age, Family size, Smoking, Alcohol consumption, TB categories.


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