Abstract
ZINC PHOSPHIDE TOXICITY IN PATIENTS REFERRED TO AHVAZ RAZI HOSPITAL

Ali Hassan Rahmani, Seyedeh Sara Ahu Ghalandary, Ahmad Ghorbani, Farkhondeh Jamshidi

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the phosphides that have been reported with poisoning is zinc phosphate. This darkness is also known as the rodent poison or the Rodenticide (zinc Phosphide), with its dark appearance. The aim of this study is investigate zinc phosphate toxicity in patients referred to Razi hospital in Ahvaz. Material and Methods: In an epidemiologic and hospital based study, zinc Phosphide poisoned patients referred to Razi Educational Hospital of Ahvaz were studied. The records of all patients with zinc phosphate poisoning were evaluated and demographic data were extracted from patients, including patients 'age. Patients' morbidity was recorded in a questionnaire. All analyzes were performed using SPSS version 22 software. Results: In this study, the number of 28 patients with mean age 27.79 ± 11.80 years was analyzed The mean age of men was 14.12 ± 29.60 years and the mean age of women was 25.69 ± 8.48 years There was no significant difference between age of men and women (P> 0.05). Also 15 (53.6%) patients were male and 13 (46.4%) were female. The mean of the dosages consumed was 14.25 ± 3.06 g in the range of 12 to 20 g, and the mean dose in men was 20.0 ± 0.0 and in women was 12.92 ± 1.25, which was significantly higher in males(P<0.05). All patients were treated and no one died. Conclusion: Zinc Phosphide poisoning can manage in female and male but need to treatment after exposure very soon and we can change the mortality to morbidity with good diagnostic, monitoring and treatment.

Keywords: Rodenticide, zinc Phosphide, Toxicity, Ahvaz.


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