Abstract
BIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF A COMMERCIALLY IMPORTANT GOBIID FISH OXYURICHTHYS TENTACULARIS (VALENCIENNES, 1837) OF ASHTAMUDI LAKE- KERALA, INDIA.

*Sherly Williams E.

ABSTRACT

The value of fish as health food is well known, but poorly documented. Fish is the cheapest animal protein that is accessible to the poors and it is aptly called the 'rich food of the poor. Small indigenous fishes are known to be micronutrient rich and they are also cheap sources of quality animal proteins. But in spite of all these advantages of consuming fish, its nutritive value is not well documented. Oxyurichthys tentacularis, (local name Koozhali) a goboid species, is commercially one of the most demanded food fish of Ashtamudi estuary. The present study focused on the proximate composition of the fish Oxyurichthys tentacularis. A total of 76 specimens were used for the analysis. Specimens were brought to the laboratory, washed thoroughly and weighed. Protein content was determined by estimating the total nitrogen using the macro-Kjeldahl method (AOAC, 2000). Moisture, Lipid, carbohydrate and ash content was determined based on (AOAC, 2000). The results showed that, moisture forms the major constituent (76.2) of fish followed by protein (15.6), carbohydrate (6.7%), lipid (5%), ash(1.0%). Fish as a protective food assumes greater significance, which can play a pivotal role in mitigating protein deficiency or malnutrition. In view of their good class protein contents, low fat contents, moderate carbohydrate, coupled with the good mineral contents, of the fish species studied, it may be concluded that the fish species is of high nutritional value and could be recommended for human consumption and which constitutes an integral component for the livelihood and food security of the population inhabiting the Ashtamudi Lake area.

Keywords: The value of fish Oxyurichthys tentacularis, Ashtamudi Lake area.


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