Raid Muhammed Ahmed Bashir* and Hiba Muhammed Elhassan


Aim: This study aims to determine ocular features and to evaluate the tear quantity of hyperlipidemia. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional hospital based study was done in Khartoum State at Alshaeb Hospital[Governmental Teaching Hospital] in the period from August 2017 to February 2018. The data was collected by interview, observation, clinical examination and also from the files of patients. Clinical examinations included Schirmer test paper to evaluate the tear quantity, stop watch was used to adjust time when assessing the tear quantity, outer eye was examined using hand held Heine ophthalmoscope, and the collected data was analyzed using IBM SPSS[version 24]. Results: A total of 100 subjects[100 eyes] were investigated; 43% males and 57% females their ages ranged between[23-80] with mean 51.23 and SD ±11.86 years. Ninety four percent of the patients with hyperlipidemia were complaining from different symptoms and signs[mainly, itching 50%, burning 21%, foreign body sensation 20%, blurring of vision 11%, reflex lacrimation 11%, eye irritation 26%, pterygium 21%, redness 22%, stringy mucous 15% and telangiectasis on the conjunctiva 10%]. There was significance association between tear quantity and hyperlipidemic patients with P = 0.000. There was significance negative correlation between the tear quantity and duration of hyperlipidemia with P = 0.001 and r = - 0.335. Conclusion: hyperlipidemia leads to dryness and multiple ocular features rather individual’s features so that hence proximate observation is necessary for those patients.

Keywords: Hyperlipidemia, Tear Quantity, Ocular Features and Schirmer test paper.

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