Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AMONG 6-60 MONTHS OLD CHILDREN IN RURAL BANGLADESH

Mohammad Asaduzzaman*, Shamima Akter, Md. Anisuzzaman, Md. Abdullah Al Masud, Md. Ahasan Habib, Sonia Alam Joya, Rehana Akter Sumaya, Farha Matin Juliana and Md. Jahangir Alam

ABSTRACT

Background Nutritional status of children is one of the major predictors of child survival. However, malnutrition is a major public health problem in most of the developing countries and occurs prominently among 6-60months old children. In context of Bangladesh, nearly 41% children are suffering from malnutrition. These children are at a substantially greater risk of severe acute malnutrition and death. Objective The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status of children in between 6-60months age in rural Bangladesh and to find the factors associated with malnutrition. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gazipur district of Bangladesh for assessing the nutritional status of children in between 6-60months age and associated factors. A total of 364 children of 6-60months old were included from three purposively selected villages. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 18 Version and Excel Software Version Windows 2007 were used for analyzing the data. Result Out of 364 children, the prevalence of anemia was found to be 23.1% according to the hemoglobin content. Age of the child had statistically significant association with anemia. Children aged 23–36 months were the most affected age groups with anemia prevalence of 7.1% which is almost two times higher than those aged 48–60 months (3.8%). MUAC is an important anthropometric parameter to assess malnutrition. The prevalence of malnutrition in the present study clearly showed 8.5% children were found with MUAC less than 11.5cm. Children in the age group 25-36 months showed higher prevalence and then followed 37-48, 48-60, 13-24 and 6-12 months age groups. By considering oedema parameter to assess malnutrition status no children was found with oedema. Conclusion In the study population, there is high prevalence of malnutrition, especially hemoglobin content. Taking into account Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) measurements of children malnutrition was found close to three times less than hemoglobin content. As per oedema no children was found with protein energy malnutrition (PEM).

Keywords: Anemia, Hemoglobin, MUAC, Oedema, PEM, Children.


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