Abstract
PHYTO-PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDIES OF MEDA [POLYGONATUM VERTICILLATUM LINN.], MAHAMEDA [POLYGONATUM CIRRHIFOLIUM ROYLE] AND THEIR MARKET SAMPLE

Kandpal Asheesh*, Chaubey Suresh, Singh D. C. and Pandey Meenakshi

ABSTRACT

Indian Astavarga constitutes eight miracle plant species, used for rejuvenating purpose. Meda and Mahameda are well known as members of Astavarga, belong to Garhwal Himalaya, having high therapeutic potential for fighting against several diseases. In present status, due to over exploitation, these species become vulnerable or endangered. Meda and Mahameda are described with their various formulations and indications in Samhita & Chikitsa grantha, having admiring properties like Jivaniya & Vayasthapana and play a major role in strengthening immune system to fight against diseases. Both the plants belong to “Asperagaceae” family. In present study, all aspects about Meda, Mahameda have been taken like name, geographical source, Macroscopy, Microscopy, Physicochemical, Phytochemical (Qualitative & Quantitative) & Chromatographic activities. For knowing current market status, market sample (S3) was procured in the name of authentic drugs. In Phytochemical study, on the basis of quantitative analysis Alkaloids, Bitter content, Saponins, Total Tannins, Flavonoids, Polyphenolic content were estimated. Alkaloid value - 1.20%w/w, Saponin value - 20.63%w/w, Polyphenolic content-172.04 mg/100gm for Meda was maximum. Total Tannins-493.20mg/100gm, Flavonoid- 124.46mg/100gm for Mahameda was maximum. A good percentage of Bitter content was found in market sample (S3) -14.48%w/w. In Physicochemical analysis Aqueous extractive value of all these samples was maximum in comparison to Alcohol extractive value. All these parameters will help in confirming identity, quality, purity, potency, safety and efficacy of these plants.

Keywords: Meda, Mahameda, Alkaloid, Saponin, Tannin, Polyphenolic content, Flavonoid.


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