Abstract
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NUTRITIONAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL OF BALANITES AEGYPTIACA, BUTEA MONOSPERMA AND HIBISCUS SABDARIFFA

Ekta Singh Chauhan, *Shivani Srivastava and Shivangi Yadav

ABSTRACT

These flowers are nutritionally not very well known. The main objective of this study was to evaluate nutritional composition, phytochemicals screening and antioxidant activity in three edible flowers Balanites aegytiaca, Butea monosperma and Hibiscus sabdariffa. This study includes the estimation of moisture, ash, fat, fiber, protein, CHO. Mineral content (calcium and iron) of Balanites aegytiaca, Butea monosperma and Hibiscus sabdariffa flowers were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). The aqueous extract was screened for the qualitative analysis of phytochemicals. Antioxidant activity (DPPH) was determined by standard methods. Results indicate that proximate composition was not similar in three flowers that are Balanites aegytiaca, Butea monosperma and Hibiscus sabdariffa. Hibiscus sabdariffa showed a high content of calcium (684.1±0.01 mg/100g). Butea monosperma also showed high content of protein (12.7±0.01g/100g). Balanites aegytiaca and Hibiscus sabdariffa showed a high content of iron (24.5±0.01 and 28.4±0.04 mg/100g). Flowers were also containing different phytochemicals and high antioxidant activity. The obtained results revealed that these flowers help to maintain nutritional status as well as prevent from various diseases and can be used as healthy dietary supplement for human being.

Keywords: Nutritional composition, Mineral content, Phytochemical, Antioxidants, Balanites aegytiaca, Butea monosperma, Hibiscus sabdariffa.


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