Abstract
UTILIZATION OF AN ORGANO PHOSPHATE PESTICIDE BY A NEWLY ISOLATED BACTERIAL ISOLATE BACILLUS SPP. JR5

Jeet Radadia*, Vishal Kothari and Jalpa Rank

ABSTRACT

Extensive use of agrochemicals including various pesticides is the major nonpoint source of pollution of water and soil. A variety of pesticides have been used in agriculture as well as non-agricultural purposes. Chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate pesticide is widely used in agricultural fields. It is harmful to a variety of organisms that comprise living soil biota along with useful arthropods, fish, birds, human, animal, and plant. In present study, the ability of a bacterium Bacillus subtilis (identified based on morphological, biochemical and 16S rRNA characterization) was used for the degradation of an organophosphate pesticide (chlorpyrifos). Bacillus subtilis grow in presence of 600ppm chlorpyrifos as a sole source of carbon. The ability of this isolate to utilize chlorpyrifos as sole source of carbon can be exploit to remediate agro pesticides contaminated soils and water.

Keywords: Extensive use of agrochemicals pesticides contaminated soils and water.


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