Abstract
TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE REGARDING CHILDHOOD LEAD POISONING AMONG MOTHERS OF CHILDREN ADMITTED IN PAEDIATRIC UNIT IN A SELECTED HOSPITAL, MANGALURU

Rincyjose, Rosemary, Sherin Joseph, Shyamamol, Soly Antony, Sony P. S. Pulimoottil, Suresh Majaggi and Vani R.*

ABSTRACT

Background: Lead poisoning is one of the most common childhood diseases of toxic environmental origin. Lead poisoning was first recognized as a paediatric disease in Australia over 100 years ago. Today’s modern risk results from the unsafe use of dangerous chemicals. Unsafe chemicals in toys and household products may also harm children. Objectives:  To assess the knowledge level regarding childhood lead poisoning among mothers of children admitted in paediatric unit of selected hospital.  To find the association between knowledge scores regarding childhood lead poisoning and selected demographic variables. Methods: A non evaluatory quantitative approach with descriptive research design was conducted among 100 mothers having children of 6yr old. Structured Knowledge questionnaire was used by convenience sampling technique. Pilot study was conducted to find out the feasibility of the study. Data collected from the sample were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Overall knowledge level regarding childhood lead poisoning, shows that majority of the respondent (70%) had poor knowledge regarding childhood lead poisoning,(22.0%) of them have average level knowledge and (8%) of them had good knowledge about lead poisoning. Conclusion: There is a significant association between knowledge score and age, religion, educational qualification, occupation and annual family income. Hence research hypothesis is accepted. Implications for nursing: Nurses can train the staffs in paediatric unit to inculcate safe practices and give them training for prevention of home accidents. Nursing students can be trained to acquire knowledge in assessing the health status of children and sources of lead exposure. Implications for social policy: Awareness programmes can be conducted in schools, community, hospitals through school health programmes, group awareness programme, video assisted teaching, distirbution of pamphlets, leaflets will motivate the caregivers to understand the sources, effects of lead poisoining.

Keywords: Childhood lead poisoning, mothers.


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