Abstract
INCIDENCE OF MIGRAINE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY AND ITS PRESCRIPTION PATTERN IN A TEACHING HOSPITAL: A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Ayesha Sultana*, Sana Amreen, Juweriya Tabassum, Amatul Sara Shareef and Sayada Mahewish Ali

ABSTRACT

Background: Migraine is a common and chronic brain disorder with intermittent symptoms. These include moderate to severe headaches, gastrointestinal symptoms, and sensory disturbances such as sensitivity to light, sound, smell, and movement. We did observational study to know incidence of migraine and its prescribing patterns. Chi square is performed to know whether age and gender are significant or not with respect to migraine. Methods: We included out patients from neurology department. Patients were examined for the risk factors, symptoms they experience migraine episodes, disability due to migraine was assessed and prescription patterns to reduce disability was studied. Results: Out of total headache population of 1212 patients 138 patients were diagnosed as migraine among which 111 were females and 27 were males. Statistical analysis performed for gender and age group was chi square (p=0.88> 0.05) indicating that there is no statistical significance of age and gender with relation to migraine. The major risk factor was stress effecting – 34.6% of females and 5.79% of males. Major symptoms of migraine were nausea affecting 28.9% patients. NSAIDS and antidepressants were the first line drugs in the migraine treatment. Migraine disability assessment questionnaire was asked from the patients to know their disability and to reduce it. Conclusion: Study outcomes helped us to know the incidence within Owaisi hospital, the extent of disability, burden on population and to know the treatment patterns. There by helps in reducing the disability and burden on society.

Keywords: Incidence, migraine, disability, burden, observational study.


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