Abstract
PRELIMINARY BIOCHEMICAL AND HEAVY METAL ANALYSIS OF SIDDHA HERBO MINERAL DRUG SITHAANANTHA BAIRAVA MATHIRAI

A. Usha* and Radhika Madhavan

ABSTRACT

Sithaanantha bairava mathirai (SBM) is a traditional Siddha medicinal preparation to treat Thandaga vatham (Lumbar spondylosis) narrated in the text in the Siddha classical text Koshayi Anuboga vaithya Bramma Ragasiyam Part-2. This formulation has the detoxified ingredients such as Lingam (Cinnabar), Vengaaram (borax), Naabi (Aconitum ferox), Sukku (Zingiber officinale), Valmilagu (Piper nigrum), Thippili (Piper longum), Perungayam (Ferula asafoetida) and Elumicchai (Citrus limon). The aim of the present study was to ensure the quality and safety of Sithaanantha bairava mathirai (SBM). Preliminary phytochemical, Physicochemical characterization of the study drug was carried out using qualitative biochemical analysis and inductively coupled plasma analysis according to the standard methods as prescribed in PLIM guidelines. Trace elemental analysis of Sithaanantha bairava mathirai (SBM) revealed that heavy metals like arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead were below the dedectable limit. Further, elemental analysis revealed the presence of minerals like calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, and phosphorus under acceptable limits at the prescribed dose of Sithaanantha bairava mathirai. The particle per million size of Sithaanantha bairava mathirai was found to be 10micrometer.

Keywords: Sithaanantha bairava mathirai, Physicochemical traits, Siddha medicine, mineral drug, Lumbar spondylosis.


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