Abstract
APPLIED & CONTROVERSIAL STUDY OF PARIBHASHA SHARIR (TERMINOLOGY) AND PRAMANA SHARIR (ANTHROPOMETRY)

Dr. Nistha Nema, Dr. Anil Kumar*, Dr. M. B. Pillewan and Dr. Sonali Biswas

ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda the „Sharira‟ has prime importance. This complete knowledge about Sharira at all times is very much essential for a physician in order to provide a healthy life for mankind. In all major Samhitas, give description of human body in both Anatomical and Physiologically. In ancient era of human beings, Ayurveda is most important system of medicine in which one of fundamental of Pramana Sharira which is one of the criteria used in the examination of the person as well as the patient. Pramana is the unit measurement seems to be more natural and scientific method. Ayurveda has given importance to individualistic approach rather than a generalized one so present study is selected. The concept of Maana-Pramana is one of the significant contributions of Ayurveda. This study was undertaken to evaluate the Charakokta Sutra (verse) which implies that “Height (Aayama) of human being is 84 fingers (Anguli) and is equal to Arm Span (Vistaara)”. In the present study, anthropometric measurements by finger were taken and exact site of particular finger in a manner to execute “Anguli Sthana Nishchiti” was determined. The data of Aayama and Vistaara of the 100 volunteers was recorded and statistically analysed. After comparing the Anguli Pramana (Measurement through finger) obtained at 78 different sites of both hands, it was established that measurement of Anguli Pramana at the site of medio-lateral proximal interphalangeal joint of middle finger of right and left hand, would be most accurate in estimating Anguli Pramana.

Keywords: Sharira, Anguli Pramana, Pratyanga, Anthropometry.


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