Abstract
COMPARITIVE STUDY OF POST-PHACOEMULSIFICATION TEAR FILM STABILITY AND TEAR SECRETION IN DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC PATIENTS

Dr. Monika Singh Thakur*, Dr. Pradeep Sune and Dr. Mona Sune

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the world. Phacoemulsificatio is increasingly applied in the management of cataract. Diabetic patients are at a higher risks to develop cataract at an earlier age than the non-diabetic patients. Various researches have shown that patient with type2 diabetes mellitus are moe likely to have tear film stability abnormalities. Methods and Materials: A total of 100 eyes of patients undergoing cataract extraction by phacoemulsification in Ophthalmology department were selected. 50 eye were of diabetic patients and 50 eye were of non-diabetic patients. A detailed study of tear film secretion and tear film stability was assessed pre-operatively and 7th day post operatively of each eye. Conclusion: Dry eye symptoms developed immediately after phacoemulsification and the severity peaked on day. Diabetic patients undergoing cataract surgery by phacoemulsification are prone to dry eye disease, ocular symptoms, tear film stability are transiently worsened in diabetic patients that the non-diabetic patients. Tear secretion is reduced in the diabetic patients which worsen dry eye symptoms and pre-disposes these patients to ocular damage.

Keywords: .


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