Abstract
CRITICAL STUDY OF INTER-RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ARTAVKSHAYA SAMPRAPTI - VYADHI LAKSHANA SAMUCHCHAYA UTPATTI AND ITS CHIKITSA-TATTVA

Vd. Kalpana B. Ayare, Ph.D. Scholar (Prasutitantra-Strirog)* and Dr. Manoj V. Gaikwad, Ph.d Guide (Prasutitantra-Strirog)

ABSTRACT

According to Acharya Vagbhata, the way in which the doshas get vitiated and the course it follows for the manifestation of the disese is called samprapti or jati or agati. The samprapti i.e Dosha-Dhatu Sammurchana helps in the comprehension of the specific features of a disease i.e. Vyadhi Lakshana Samuchchaya Utpatti. The disease ‘Artavaksaya’ is not described as an individual disease in samhita. Acharya Charak in Nidan-sthan 8/40 has stated that when symptom of disease appears independently, it should be considered as a disease and not a symptom. So ‘Alpartava’ can be considered as the disease. It can be correlated with Hypomenorrhoea and Oligomenorrhoea in modern science to some extent only on the basis of the signs and symptoms. Prevalence rate of Oligomenorrhoea is 12-15.3%. Oligo-ovulation / Anovulation causes Oligomenorrhoea / Amenorrhoea which is the important cause of infertility. According to FIGO manual 1990 the prevalence rate of infertility due to ovulatory factors is 30-40 %. According to journal of Natural Sciences, Biology and Medicine year 2011, prevalence rate of menstrual disorders like menstrual irregularities and Dysmenorrhoea was 11.9% and 78.2% respectively. According to Maharshi Sushrut, Lakshane of ‘Kshina-Artava’ are similar to ‘Artvakshaya’ and chikitsa sutra for ‘Kshina-Artava’, should be followed as mentioned for ‘Nashta-Artava’ (Su. Sha. 2/24, Su. Soo. 1/16.). Khina-Artava/ Artavakshaya/Alpapushpa / Rajakshaya is the first step in disease pathogenesis of ‘Nashta-Artava’. So in other words samprapti of ‘Nashta-Artava’ can be applied to Artavakshaya. The vyadhi Lakshana Samuchchya get produced due this Dosha-Dhatu Sammurchchana.

Keywords: Samprapti, Vyadhi Vyadhi Lakshana Samuchchaya, Alpartava, Artavakshaya, Alpapushpa, Rajakshaya, Nashta-Artava Oligomenorrhoea, Amenorrhoea.


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