Abstract
IN VITRO CYTOTOXICITY STUDY OF ACETAL AND HEXANE EXTRACTS OF ENTADROPHRAGMA ANGOLENSE (MELIACEAE) ON CELLS OF THE L-6 CELL LINE (RAT SKELETAL MUSCLE, MYOBLAST)

Doumbia Idrissa*, Yeo Dodehe, Dhanabal Palaniswamy, Ashish Wadhwani, Yapi Houphouet Felix and Djaman Allico Joseph

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxicity activity of the acetal and hexane extracts of Entadrophragma angolense (Meliaceae). E. angolense is a plant used in the traditional treatment of diabetes and several diseases in the south-east of Coast Ivory. In addition to this antidiabetic activity, this plant rich in polyphenolic compounds has an antioxidant potential that could be beneficial in the management of diseases related to oxidative stress. The determination of mitochondrial synthesis by assaying MTT is the principle of the cytotoxicity assay used in this study which was performed on cells of the L-6 cell line (rat skeletal muscle, myoblast). The IC50 of the acetal (AEEA, IC50 = 227.9824 μg / mL) and hexane extracts (HEEA = 217.2291 μg / mL) determined in this study are much higher than the respective pharmacological doses (antioxidant activity) which are (AEEA, IC50 = 48.704 ± 1.295 μg / mL) and (HEEA, IC50 = 62.97 ± 1.88 μg / mL). The acetal and hexane extracts of Entadrophragma angolense thus offer interesting margins of safety which could be an additional advantage for the use of these extracts.

Keywords: Entadrophragma angolense, L-6 cell line, cytotoxicity.


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