Abstract
RISK FACTORS OF HYPERTENSION AMONG 50 YEARS AND ABOVE AGE GROUP POPULATION OF BURAIDAH CITY

Dr. Asim Fahad AlKhalifah*, Dr. K. Chandra Sekhar and Dr. Abdulaziz Sulaiman Alsaif

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension has become major public health problem throughout the world. Identification of risk factors including modifiable and non modifiable risk factors plays crucial role in the reduction of the problem and also must pay attention to primordial prevention of hypertension at the earliest. Objectives: To identify the risk factors and demographic factors association with Hypertension in the study population. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional institutional based record review study conducted at primary health centers of Buraidah City from January 2018 to June 2018 among persons whose records 50 years old and above after getting institutional ethical committee clearance. Data entered in Statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and necessary statistical tests like simple proportions, chi square tests were applied. Results: In the study population, about 32.9% were in the age group of 50-54 years of age group and 17.6% were in the age group of >65 years of age. Out of 170 study population, 86.5% were married people. About 9.4% were widowed and only 2.4% were unmarried people. About 35.9% were from house wives occupation. In the hypertensive study population, about 50.6% were having hypertension as the family history in their families. In the study population, about 12.5% were having smoking habit. In the study population, about 88.8% (151/170) people were having BMI more than 25. Conclusions: Based on the results, increasing age, male sex, smoking, family history of hypertension, BMI≥25 in both males and females were identified as risk factors for hypertension based on high percentages. There is need to start as a primordial measure for the prevention of hypertension to be started from the adolescent age group people, high risk screening strategies to be strengthened.

Keywords: Age, Marital Status, occupation, Smoking, Family history, BMI.


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