Abstract
EFFECTS OF THERMOMINERAL WATER AND HYDROTHERAPY ON LOW BACK PAIN

Edina Tanovi*, Vanda Zovko-Omeragi?, Adnana Tali-Tanovi, Amra Maak-HadÅiomerovi, HadÅan Konjo, Hamzi Esad, Senad Selimovi, Emina Tanovi and Maida Muli

ABSTRACT

Low back pain represents one of the biggest medical and social problem today. It considers that around 80% adults had lumbal pain at least one time in life, that reoccur at least in 50% adults. The aim of this study is to establish effects of hydrotherapy on reducing of pain and improving mobility in patients with low back pain. Retrospective study analyzed history of diseases in 64 patients who were in JZU BRC „AQUATERM“ Olovo, during 10 days. Information that were examined include sex, age, intensity of pain at the begining and the ending of therapy. Parameters who were examineed to evaluate effects of balneotherapy included visual analogue scale (VAS) and anteflexion of body (Thomayer's measure). Results showed that the most examinees were in group at age 56 to 65 years. Statistical analyze showed significant difference between rehabilitation measured on visual analogue scale and different types of hydrotherapy (p<0,05). All types of hydrotherapy had siginificant impact on reducing pain by VAS scale. Statistical analyze showed significant difference between grade of anteflexion and types of hydrotherapy or their combination (p<0,05). These results are similar with results showed previously with VAS. Different types of hydrotherapy reduce pain in back and increase mobility in patients with low back pain. In our research we compared therapies with pearl bath, underwater massage, galvanic tub and pool. Best results were shown according to VAS and anteflexion with using underwater massage. This data are limited with small sample of patients, so it is necessary to do clinical randomized and controlled studies with larger sample to confirm these results.

Keywords: Hydrotherapy, low back pain, visual analogue scale (VAS), Thomayer's measure.


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