Abstract
THE RELATION BETWEEN RESIDENCY AND IRON DEFICIENCY ANAEMIA IN CHILDREN IN DIYALA PROVINCE / IRAQ

Hussam Aldeen Hameed (F.I.B.M.S), Oday Abbood Khalil (F.I.B.M.S), Emad Wissam (F.I.B.M.S), Najdat Shukur Mahmood (F.I.B.M.S)*

ABSTRACT

Background: Anemia affects more than one billion people worldwide, studies have shown that nutritional deficiencies, specifically due to a decrease in the amount of iron rich food consumed, appears to be the most common cause of anemia. It is more often found in low and middle-income countries. Objective: To study the prevalence and severity of iron deficiency anemia in children of different regions of Diyala province/ Iraq. Patients and method: A cross sectional study conducted in Al-Batool Teaching hospital in Baaquba / Diyala- Iraq from March to Sept 2018. Children was classified according to the residency into two groups (Rural & Urban areas), anemia was graded according to WHO classification: normal Hb 11 gm/dl, mild anemia 10- 10.9 gm/dl, moderate 7- 9.9 gm/ dl, and severe anemia less than 7 gm/dl. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 22. Results: The included children in the study were 117 of ages 6 mo – 9 yrs; 58.1% males and 41.9% females, 104 children (88.9%) were less than 3.5 yrs and 13 (11.1%) children of 3.5 yrs and more. Out of 117 children, 16 (13.7%) were having normal Hb level and the remaining were anemic as follow: 35.9% mild anaemia, 46.1% moderate anaemia, 4.3% severe anaemia, p value (0.000). It was found that 67 (57.3%) of the whole sample of children belongs to family lived in urban areas, while 50 (42.7%) of children live in rural area. The number of children who had moderate anaemia were more in rural area, p value 0.008. Conclusion: Most of the included children had moderate degree of anemia and this might be due to many factors, including residency in rural areas.

Keywords: Anemia, residency, Diyala.


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