Abstract
A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON KIDNEY, IT’S AILMENTS AND IT’S TREATMENT

Saleha Wajeed* and Dr. Md. Saleem

ABSTRACT

The kidney is an essential excretory organ of our body which plays a dominant role in homeostasis by excreting the metabolic waste products. Kidney disease is one of the common causes of hospitalization in most of the countries. Acute Renal failure is a common and serious renal problem having high morbidity and mortality rate. Increase in the levels of blood urea and creatinine is the principal diagnostic criteria of renal failure. -Glomerular diseases encompass a large and clinically significant group of renal diseases. Glomerulonephritis is the term used for diseases that primarily involves the renal glomeruli. -Tubulointerstitial diseases are clinically heterogeneous disorders that share similar features of tubular and interstitial injury. In severe and prolonged cases, the entire kidney may become involved, with glomerular dysfunction and even renal failure. -Nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis is formation of urinary calculi at any level of urinary tract.Types of urinary calculi include calcium stones, mixed (struvite), uric acid and cysteine stones and a few rare type. -Renal vascular diseases: Renal blood flow is controlled by systemic and local hemodynamics, hormonal and intrinsic intra-renal mechanism. Diseases which disturb these controlling mechanism gives rise to renal vascular lesion. In this study an attempt has been made to thoroughly review the treatments of the diseases related to kidney through various medications like Allopathy & Herbal drugs along with their mechanism of action, their side effects, drug-drug interactions and dose.

Keywords: kidney, herbal drugs, allopathy drugs.


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