Adhish Mazumder, Prasenjit Mitra, Tanaya Ghosh and Prasanta Kumar Mitra*


Syzygium cumini Linn. (S. cumini) is one important medicinal plant. Since long different parts of the plant are being used for treatment of various ailments. In Ayurveda bark of S. cumini is described as acrid, sweet, digestive, astringent to the bowels, anti-helmintic and is good for sore throat, bronchitis, asthma, thirst, biliousness, dysentery, blood impurities as well as to cure ulcers. Syrup prepared from the ripe fruit of S. cumini is used in spleen enlargement and as efficient astringent in chronic diarrhoea. Hot water extract of dried fruits of S. cumini is used for stomach ulcers and to reduce acidity and for diabetes. These properties of S. cumini tempted modern researchers to undertake detailed pharmacological investigation of S. cumini and it has been found out that the tree parts have several pharmacological properties like anti-allergic, anti-diabetic, anti-gastric ulcer, anti-pyretic, anti-microbial, anti-spasmodic, anti-plaque, anti-diarrhoeal, anti-clastogenic, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-fertility, anti-oxidant, anti-histamine, anti-cancer etc. The plant has also shown CNS related activity as well as radio protective, gastro-protective, hepato-protective and chemo-protective activities.

Keywords: Syzygium Cumini, Use in Ayurveda, Pharmacological Activities.

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