Abstract
PHYTOCHEMICAL, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIFUNGAL STUDIES OF BARK EXTRACTS OF BOSWELLIA SERRATA ROXB. AND SOYMIDA FEBRIFUGA (ROXB.) JUSS. FROM JHARKHAND

Raphael R Marandi* and S. John Britto

ABSTRACT

Phytochemical screening of ethanolic, chloroform and aqueous extracts of the barks of Boswellia serrata Roxb. and Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) Juss. revealed that the bark of S. febrifuga contain higher concentration of secondary metabolites. The HPLC and GC-MS studies of the ethanolic extract of B. serrata recorded two bioactive components. They are – 3,7,11-Trimethyl-14-(1-methylethyl) -[S-(E,Z,E,E)]- 1,3,6,10-cyclotetradecatetraene and 4-Methylene-1-methyl-2-(2-methyl-1-propen-1-yl)-1-vinyl-cycloheptane. The ethanolic bark extract of S. febrifuga recorded twelve bioactive components. The components with higher concentration are Diethylbis (trimethylsilyl) Silicic acid, 1-Nitro-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydro-anthracene-2-carboxylic acid diethyl amide, Tris(trimethylsilyl) arsenite, Catechol and 5,5-Diethyl-3-heptyne. The greater antibacterial and antifungal activities of the bark of S. febrifuga are due to greater number of bioactive compounds contained in it. The bark of S. febrifuga could be a good source of noble drugs for the treatment of arthritis and gynaecological infections, disorders and diseases.

Keywords: Boswellia serrata, Soymida febrifuga, Phytochemicals, HPLC, GC-MS, Antibacterial, Antifungal, Latehar, Jharkhand.


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